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BIBLIOGRAPHY

OF PUBLISHED BOOKS
DONATED IMAGES
AND OTHER REFERENCE
SOURCES


There have been four main books which discuss the silks of the Victorian period of the late 1800's and early 1900's.

Of these, three mainly detail, with pictures, the various silks produced by Thomas Stevens. Only one, that of Godden, catalogues the silks of other manufacturers, principally Grant, and also provides extensive history of this fascinating subject.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

Much that we know of the silk weavers of the time is due to the Godden book, and this web site draws extensively from his book. In addition, with all the very many contributors of images, this site has become an essential reference source.

Chris Radley wrote a series of books discussing the various silk postcards produced in the UK and Europe. His research refined the Godden catalogue of both Stevens and Grant postcards, and listed for the first time various titles of the Stevens Alpha Series cards.

In addition to these published works, I am greatly indebted to the late John High, who was a collector in the USA. He very kindly give me access to his own, un-published catalogue of Victorian silks. This catalogue greatly extended Radley's list of the Stevens Alpha Series postcards, and John's list also included the ship and Hands Across the Sea postcards.

Lewis Cowen published a booklet (in early 2001) which discussed in detail the history of the Brocklehurst Fabric weavers. His work lists all the pictures produced by Brocklehurst, and contains colour photographs and technical details of all of them. This booklet is now out of print.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

The Silk Pictures of Thomas Stevens
Wilma Sinclair LeVan Baker,
Exposition Press Inc., New York.
1957

Stevengraphs
Austin Sprake and Michael Darby,
published in Guernsey by the authors to commemorate the 90th anniversary of the first mounted Stevens' silk picture in 1879.
1968

Stevengraphs and other Victorian silk pictures
Geoffrey A. Godden,
Barrie & Jenkins Ltd., London.
1971

Stevengraph Price Guide
Austin Sprake,
published in Guernsey, Channel Islands by the author.
1971

The Price Guide to Stevengraphs
Austin Sprake,
The Antique Collectors Club, London.
1972

History of Silk Postcards
Chris Radley,
published by the author.
1975

Collecting Silk Postcards
Chris Radley,
published by the author.
1976

The Embroidered Silk Postcard
Chris Radley,
published by the author.
1977

The Woven Silk Postcard
Chris Radley,
published by the author.
1978

Alpha Series cards
Thomas Stevens' woven silk ship & Hands Across the Sea postcards
Thomas Stevens Bookmarks & Political Favors
E. Bollans & Co. Leamington Bookmarks
Welch & Lenton, Coventry Bookmarks

Un-published works by John High,
USA.
2000

Macclesfield Woven Silk Pictures
Lewis Cowen,
published in association with Authors Inc., Wilmslow, Cheshire, England,
2001. (48 pages)

Stevengraphs in Colour
Mark R.B. Cottrill,
picture book published by the author
2011

The Silk Weavings of William Henry Grant
Mark R.B. Cottrill,
picture book published by the author
2012

The Silk Woven Bookmarks of Thomas Stevens
Mark R.B. Cottrill,
picture book published by the author
2015

 

OTHER CONTRIBUTORS

There follows a list of all people who have kindly contributed to the development of this catalogue of Stevengraphs, Grant and Other Victorian silk weavers, or who have kindly donated images of the silks:-

Carole Clarke: Carole's grandfather and an uncle both worked for Brough Nicholson & Hall, in Leek, Staffordshire before the war. Carole has provided the titles of most of the Brough, Nicholson & Hall silk bookmarks and images to go with the titles.
Graham Fulford: Graham kindly donated an image of the Thomas Stevens' bookmarks, I wish you a merry Christmas (words in wreath) and Happy (woven may flower) thy birthday be; the Brocklehurst-Whiston Amalgamated picture, The Spinning Wheel, and the E. Bollans & Co. bookmark, A FRIEND'S BLESSING.
Sarah Hall: Sarah kindly donated an image of the Thomas Stevens' bookmark, A merry Christmas and a Happy New Year / Home for the holidays.
Lucy Topp: Lucy kindly donated an image of the Thomas Stevens' bookmark, Buy your own cherries.
Mary Dodd: Mary kindly donated images of the Brocklehurst-Whiston Amalgamated pictures, Avro York, Queen's Silver Jubilee, Little Moreton Hall, Gawsworth Hall, Capesthorne Hall, The Old King's Head, St. Paul's Cathedral and The Kings School.
Georg Hartong: Georg kindly donated in excess of 80 images of Thomas Stevens' bookmarks.
Anna Kasl: Anna kindly donated an image of the Thomas Stevens' bookmark, To my dear wife.
Derek Horsfield: Derek kindly donated an image of the Thomas Stevens' bookmark, To a friend / Of all the gifts which heaven bestows.
Mary Martin: Mary kindly donated an image of the Brough, Nicholson & Hall bookmark, Coronation of George VI and Queen Elizabeth in 1937.
Tim Jones: Tim kindly donated an image of the Thomas Stevens' bookmark, A Wish / O may you e'er in peace abide.
Anne Hurst: Anna kindly donated an image of Charles Newsome's bookmark: Victoria & Albert 1862.
Brian Grice: Brian kindly donated an image of the Thomas Stevens' bookmark, In Commemoration of the Testimonial to Sir Moses Montefiore. . . / (finding of Moses) / Pray for the Peace.
Tina Joyce: Tina kindly donated an image of the John Caldicott's Scenic view of Coventry
Steve Snook: Steve kindly donated an image of The Late Fred Archer, in the Duke of Westminster colours
A Walker: Altea kindly donated an image of the Welch & Lenton Bookmark - The Little Gleaner.
Michael Fowler: Michael kindly donated an image of the Welch & Lenton Bookmark - With Best Wishes - The Bible! The Bible! . ..
Mike Strong: Mike kindly donated an image of the Bollans Bookmark - H.R.H. Princess Louise Marquis . . . married March 1871
Paul Singer: Paul, of www.militarysilks.co.uk, has provided me with excellent examples of two Stevens royal favours, and four Grant favours, none of which was previously recorded.
Beryl Kenyon de Pascual: Beryl kindly donated an image of the Stevens Bookmark - My dear mother / What'er my lot in life - which had previously been an unrecorded title.
Georg Hartong: Georg, as well as the donation above relating to Stevens' bookmarks, has also kindly donated eight images of John Caldicott silks.
Wayne Gebhardt: Wayne kindly donated an image of the Stevens Bookmark - Morning hymn / Awake my soul, and with the sun.
Mrs G Buckingham: Mrs Buckingham has kindly donated images of the John Osborne and C. Wood Stevens Portraits.
John Sykes: John has provided me with an image of the Brocklehurst-Whiston silk of The Gawsworth Old Rectory.
Alan Dutton: Alan has provided me with an image of the Welch & Lenton bookmark, A HAPPY BIRTHDAY / MAY SUCCESS . .
Mary Brittan: Mary has provided me with excellent quality images of all the previously missing Brocklehurst-Wiston (BWA) silk pictures.
Susan Chatila: Susan has provided me with an excellent quality image of the Grant Souvenir of the Franco British Exhibition (gb1980) ribbon.
Georg Hartong: Georg continues to provide extensive support to this site by donating several excellent quality images of Grant bookmarks and ribbons.
Bill Birch: Bill has provided me with an excellent quality image of the Stevens bookmark - Jesus hear and save.
Ali Besiroglu: Ali has provided me with an excellent quality image of the Stevens bookmark - Forget me not / May heaven's blessings be with thee.
Allan Swan: Allan has kindly provided me with an excellent quality image of the vary scarce Stevens picture - Royal Jubilee Exhibition, Newcastle-on-Tyne, 1887.
Marilyn Studholme: Marilyn has kindly provided me with an excellent quality image of the Welch & Lenton bookmark, BIRTHDAY GREETING / (flowers) / I wish this day . .
Colin Harding: Colin has kindly provided me with an excellent quality image of the Grant bookmark, Greetings from the Scottish Exhibition Glasgow 1911 / Lead Kindly Light, which had not previously been recorded.
Jim Steinhauer, USA: Jim has kindly provided me with an excellent quality image of the Stevens bookmark, sb1844 - Souvenir of the discovery of America / Landing of Columbus Oct 12th 1492 / Columbus / The Santa Maria. Jim's image has confirmed there is no weavers name on the reverse, so we continue to attribute this title to Stevens only because it is included in the Family Album.
Rachel Andrews: Rachel has kindly provided me with an excellent quality image of the Caldicott bookmark, Her Royal Highness The Princess Alice, and the unknown King George V & Queen Mary favour.
Alison Shone: Alison has kindly provided me with an excellent quality image of the Welch & Lenton bookmark, TO A DEAR FRIEND / Sweet and peaceful.
Georg Hartong: Georg continues to provide extensive support to this site by donating several excellent quality images, including two Stevens bookmarks, and two Slingsby ribbons, one of which was previously unrecorded.
Sheila Langston: Sheila has kindly provided me with an excellent quality image of the rare Stevens silk picture, st644 - Ye Old Crown House.
Carol Syms: Brough, Nicholson & Hall, in 1935, produced a leather writing case with a silk on the front and another on the back. Carol has provided me with excellent quality images of the two silks on this rare and unusal use of silk pictures.
Ian Sharp: Ian has kindly provided me with excellent quality images of two Stevens silk pictures, st96 - Coventry Old and New; and it's sister silk, st596 - Warwickshire Old and New.
John Sharp: John has kindly provided me with excellent quality images of sb2660 - Woven in the Machinery Department, Crystal Palace / The late Sir Joseph Paxton Stevens bookmark.
Alex Merseburger: Alex has kindly provided me with three excellent quality images; one of the Bollans bookmark obo464 - MANY HAPPY RETURNS OF THE DAY / (flowers) / My heart breathes . .; and two Stevens bookmarks of sb2540 - With best wishes / Hope the (woven anchor) of the soul and sb1441 - Morning hymn / Awake my soul, and with the sun (with clover leaf design). The title, sb1441 is new to the Stevens catalogue.
Gillian Cooper: Gillian kindly provided me with an extensive list of the Brough Nicholson & Hall silks. This list was derived from her own personal knowledge of the Leek weaver and experiences of close friends and relatives. Gillian also provided me with various images to accompany the titles.
Stef Callear: Stef has also given me various images to add to the newly formed catalogue. These included an image of one of the very earliest BN&H bookmarks - obn8 : Laying of the Corner Stone of the Leek Technical School July 24 1899 (with signature of Millicent Sutherland, Her Grace the Duchess of Sutherland).
Alan Cunningham: Alan has kindly supplied me with an image of the Darlinson & Barton silk, odr4 - Portrait: H. R. Highness Albert Edward Prince of Wales. Darlinson had not previously been recorded on this site, and has now been added with this silk.
Paul Wood Antiques, Harrogate, Great Britain: Paul has supplied images of the Stevens silk bookmark, sb128 - A blessing / Oh fair and flowry / . . .and those that love thee, together with the diamond registration mark on the rear.
Liz Bartlett: Liz has kindly supplied me with multiple images of Stevens, Bollans and Welch & Lenton silk bookmarks. Of these the Bollans bookmark, obo56 - A BLESSING / (flowers) / Let My Blessing . ., is a new addition to the catalogue. Liz has also given me close up images of the front and back of the Shakespeare button.
Dougie Melville: Dougie has kindly supplied me with a previously unrecorded Slingsby sash, now in the catalogue as osl17 - Scarf, ribbon or sash with words 'Ancient Order of Free Gardeners'.
G. Deplanque: G. Deplanque has also enhanced the Slingsby catalogue, with the previously unrecorded osl62 - Sash with words 'M.U. / O.F. Friendship, Love and Truth'.
Anne Elliott: Anne too has added a previously unrecorded Slingsby to the catalogue, being a different design, osl65 - Sash with words 'O.F.M.U. Friendship, Love and Truth'.
William Scoular Donnelly: William was a passionate collector of antiques, and his relatives have donated the image of the following Slingsby ribbon on Williams behalf: osl52 - Ornate ribbon with words 'Independent Order of Rechabites. Salford Unity' (registered 15 October 1888, No. 111417).
György Tóth: György has a fantastic collection of antique sawing machines and accessories. He also has a collection of Stevens silk pictures. As well as sending me fascinating pictures of his sawing machine collection, György also sent me images of ten of the Stevengraphs - eight of these being for titles which were previously recorded in the cataglogue, but without images. One of the images provided by György is of a very rare triple title silk: st678 - THE PRESENT TIME / AUJOURD 'HUI / JETZT.
Georg Hartong: Georg has several references above, although as he continues to supply many new images, and thereby supports this web site to a very large extent, I am only too pleased to once again acknowledge his fantastic contribution which has greatly extended our knowledge of Stevens, Grant, Welch & Lenton and Bollans bookmarks.
Tom Hall: Tom provided me with a greatly improved image for Bollans obo436 - In Memoriam Born 1833/ . ./ General Gordon . . with portrait bookmark.
The Bradshaws: A member of The Bradshaw family sent me, on behalf of the whole family, an excellent image of the black background Welch & Lenton bookmark, owe640 - TO A DEAR FRIEND / (flowers) / Sweet and peaceful . .
Suzette Karta: Suzette provided images for both the Welch & Lenton large silks, owe756 - Revd. S.H. Widdrington, Vicar of St. Michaels, Coventry; and owe760 - St. Michaels Church, Coventry.
Phil Titchner: Phil provided an image of "Coventry", being one of the two large Stevens pictures.
John Hartwig: John is the Vice President of the Stevengraph Collectors Association, and has very kindly provided images of most of the triple titled Stevens pictures, together with a number of composite picture silks.
Andrew Hall: Andrew provided an image to go with a Welch & Lenton bookmark titled "Sincere Affection".
John Hartwig: John has also very kindly provided me with a significant number of excellent quality images to go with both Stevens pictures and portraits. Several have already been added to this site, and the remainder will follow in due course.
Ron Moore: Included in the images sent to me by John Hartwig was that of the Souvenir of The Wild West. Coincidentally, Ron Moore also sent me an image of the same silk, although Ron's had an alternative printing on the card mount. It is a pleasure to be able to include both images, and also display the diversity of Stevens card mounts.
Carine Dierickx: Carine provided me with excellent quality images of three TRIPLE TITLE silks, the titles of which had not previously been recorded anywhere. She also provided various excellent quality images to replace previous images, and thereby improve the overall quality of this site as a free resource of all Stevengraph silks.
Colton Wagner: Colton Wagner was a keen collector of silks, including a unique collection of STEVENS CALENDAR silks. Colton's son has kindly sent me images of all of these silks, and this has enabled me to create a near complete catalogue of all of these Stevengraph calendars.
Colton Wagner: Colton's son has also very kindly sent me images of his late father's double mounted Stevengraph "The Start with The Finish" and Grants Franco-British card of King Edward VII.
Douglas M Clark: Douglas has given me an image of the Admiral Duncan bookmark.
Jim Jeffery: Jim, from Great Britain, has contributed an image of the Stevens bookmark "To My Husband".
Chris Smith: Chris has sent me an image on behalf of his family in Barcelona, of the Stevens bookmark "The Look Of Love".
Jacqueline Gibney: Jacqueline lives in New Zealand, and sent me two images of very similary woven silk pictures of Queen Victoria's death. One of these clearly shows the weavers name, as Lester & Harris, Coventry. This has enabled me to correct an error of recording on this site, and also pull together a previously unidentified bookmark.
Patrick Quick: Patrick has sent me an excellent quality images of the Charles Newsome ribbon "The Ode by Alfred Tennyson on the opening of the Exhibition, 1862". This is a great improvement on the previous image and shows clearly all the words of this extensive poem.
William John Bonnett: William's son has sent me an image of an incredibly rare Stevengraph of "Called To The Rescue" which is over-printed with "Bermondsey Ragged School Mission".
Jacqueline Gibney: Jacqueline has followed up her earlier contribution with several Stevens postcards, including the important addition of the five Stevens Experimental postcards.
Jacqueline Gibney: Jacqueline has also sent me details of a previously unrecorded silk panel, titled "The Loyal Address to H.M. King Edward VII, 1902", designed by S.G. Poole and woven in the Textile School at the Technical Institute, Coventry.
Carrie Connel-Gripp, Canada: Carrie has given me a quality image to go with sb2044, with the existing title of "The Lord bless thee (narrow lengthways ribbon)".
Beryl Kenyon de Pascual, Spain: Beryl continues her support this site with the donation of a greatly improved quality image of sb1956 - "The compliments of the season / I wish the newly coming year".
The family of Reginald and Mary Betty Hill, Coventry: The family very kindly sent me an excellent image of the previously unrecorded silk favour by Lester & Harris, entitled "Lockhurst Lane Wesleyan Sunday School". It was the introduction to this silk that enabled me initially to identify the proper name for Lester & Harris, and undertake the historical research recorded on their catalogue page.
Hamish Bell, Great Britain: Hamish very kindly sent me an excellent quality image of the white background Welch & Lenton bookmark to go with the purple background image already recorded as owe244 - "Forget-me-not / Forget Me Not / While Life Remains . . .".
Jenni Redman, Great Britain: Jenni sent me an excellent quality image of the Stevens bookmark sb2512 - "Wishing you peace and plenty", which had been recorded but previously no image.
Jenni Redman, Great Britain: In addition, Jenni also sent me seven other excellent quality image of Stevens bookmarks; including sb1262 - "Many happy returns of the day / A happy birthday I wish thee"; sb1352 - "(flowers with words: May our hearts be united in love forever)"; sb1468 - "My soul doth magnify the Lord (with music) (The Magnificat)"; sb1632 - "Read, Mark, Learn and Inwardly Digest (narrow ribbon)"; sb588 - "Dearest I love but thee / (flowers) / Hail to love to mighty love"; sb920 - "Happy may thy birthday be / My thoughts are with you"; and sb1244 - "Love's thoughts / (flowers with words below: I think of thee)".
Victoria University Library (Toronto, Canada): The university library has kindly sent me excellent quality images for the following six bookmarks; the first of which is a new addition to the Stevens bookmark catalogue: sb2525 - "With best wishes (three flowers)"; sb2578 - "With every good wish"; sb28 - "A birthday blessing (flowers) Many Happy"; sb784 - "FORGET / ME / NOT / TIME CANNOT CHANGE"; sb1048 - "I wish you a merry Christmas (words in wreath)"; sb2672 - "Ye faire Ladie Godiva and Peeping Tom of ye anciente Citye of Coventre".
Jacqueline Gibney: Jacqueline has increased her contribution to this site with several Grant postcards; gc20 - "H. M. Queen Alexandra (with crown & Rd. no. 370915)"; "gc92 - George V & Mary (without printed title)"; "gc176 - Shakespeare, The Bard of Avon"; "gc260 - Liverpool Exhibition 1913 - no title"; "gc336 - Greetings from India (Hands across the sea)"; "gc356 - Greetings from Rawal Pindi (wreath - Old times)"; "gc397 - R.M.S. Lusitania - with flags"; "gc548 - Clifton Suspension Bridge -no title"; "gc660 - Lady Godiva Procession"; "gc712 - A hand clasp from Erin / Where Irish hands (small shield, large hands)"; "gc832 - Old tunes are sweetest, Old friends are dearest".
Georg Hartong: Georg has over the years provided me with a multitude of images, and his kind donations continue with additional Thomas Stevens' bookmark images.
Jim Layman, USA: Jim contributed a very important image of the Stevens bookmark sb1858 "Souvenir of the Independence of America (crossed flags)". This previously unrecorded bookmark is still attached to the original stiff backing paper on which the Stevens name is clearly printed. None of the "American" bookmarks has the Stevens credit woven on the reverse, and hence cannot be properly attributed, so Jim's contribution verifies the provenance of this bookmark, and is an important addition to this web site.
Mark Cottrill: Mark has provided invaluable assistance in formulating a comprehensive catalogue of all the Grant Christmas cards, both those of the Grant Family and those for sale to the general public. At the same time, Mark also gave me an image of the Stevens bookmark, " A birthday wish / (woodland scene) / Many happy returns of the day / ..This can tell " {sb77}; a bookmark previously unrecorded.
Acknowledgement is made to Eric Quayle's book "The Collector's Book of Books" for the image of Thomas Stevens' bookmark, Handel Festival / (wreath which reads: 'Sacred Harmonic Society') / Crystal Palace, June 1862, and to the bookmark, Married at St. George's Chapel Windsor March 10th 1863.



This page was created on 1 February 2000
This page was last update on 29 June 2016 © Peter Daws
Web site address: www.stevengraph-silks.com